Additional Plant Care
Calathea orbifolia can be propagated by dividing the plant or cuttings. Division involves separating the plant into two or more sections, each with its own roots and stems. To propagate by division, gently remove the plant from its pot and separate the roots and stems into sections. Then, replant each section into its own pot with fresh potting mix. Propagation by cuttings involves taking a stem cutting with at least two leaves and rooting it in water or moist potting mix. After rooting, the cutting can be planted in its own pot with fresh potting mix. It is important to keep the potting mix moist and provide indirect light during the rooting process. Be sure to take cuttings with clean shears.
The Calathea orbifolia plant is non-toxic to both humans and animals, making it a safe choice for pet owners and families with young children. It does not contain any harmful substances that could cause health problems when ingested or touched. However, it is still important to keep the plant out of reach of pets and children to prevent accidental ingestion or choking hazards from small plant parts.
The best time to repot a Calathea orbifolia is in the spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing. Choose a pot that is one size larger than the current pot and has drainage holes. Fill the new pot with a well-draining, nutrient-rich potting mix. Carefully remove the plant from its current pot, being mindful not to damage the roots. Gently loosen any tangled or circling roots and remove any dead or rotten ones. Place the plant in the new pot and backfill with fresh potting mix, ensuring that the plant is at the same level it was in its previous pot. Firmly press the soil down around the base of the plant and water thoroughly. After repotting, place the plant in a shaded area for a few days to allow it to recover from any transplant shock.
Calathea orbifolia is a stunning plant with large, round leaves that can grow up to 12 inches wide. Pruning is important to keep the plant looking its best and to maintain its overall health. Begin by using sharp, clean pruning shears to remove any yellow, dead or damaged leaves at the base of the stem. This will not only improve the appearance of the plant but also prevent the spread of any disease. To control the size of the plant, you can trim back the outermost leaves. However, be careful not to cut too much or too often as this can weaken the plant. Remember to cut the leaves at the base of the stem and avoid tearing them. Finally, make sure to regularly clean the leaves of the plant to remove any dust or debris that can block sunlight and affect its growth.
Fertilizing Calathea orbifolia plants is important for their growth and overall health. Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer, diluted to half strength, every two weeks during the growing season, which is typically from spring to early fall. Be sure to water the plant well before applying fertilizer to avoid burning the roots. During the winter months, reduce the frequency of fertilization to once a month or stop altogether, as the plant's growth slows down during this time. Overfertilization can lead to fertilizer burn and other problems, so always follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging and avoid applying too much fertilizer.
Calathea orbifolia plants thrive in well-draining, rich, and slightly acidic soil. The best soil mix for this plant is a blend of peat moss, perlite, and loamy soil that allows for proper drainage while retaining enough moisture to keep the roots hydrated. You can also add some organic matter, such as compost, to the soil mix to provide the plant with essential nutrients. Avoid using heavy clay soil or regular potting soil, as it can become compacted and retain too much moisture, which can cause root rot. Make sure to repot the plant every year or two with fresh soil to ensure healthy growth.